AGUS, IRVING ABRAHAM (1910–1984), U.S. educator and scholar; brother of jacob agus . Agus was born in Swislocz, Poland, and studied at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (1926–27), and at Dropsie College (1937). He served as educational director in Memphis, Tenn. (1939–45), dean of the Harry Fischel Research School in Talmud (Jerusalem, 1947–49), and principal of the Akiba Academy in Philadelphia (1949–51). From 1951 he was professor of Jewish history at Yeshiva University. Using responsa literature as a primary historical source, Agus wrote extensively on Jewish life in the Middle Ages. Among his works are Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg (2 vols., 1947), describing Jewish life in 13th-century Germany, and Teshuvot Ba'alei ha-Tosafot, an edition of previously unpublished responsa by the Tosafists (1954). His later writings concentrated on Jewish communal life in pre-Crusade Europe, showing that the Franco-German Jews, though a small group, were able to preserve talmudic traditions by their great devotion to study and observance of Judaism. In Urban Civilization in Pre-Crusade Europe (2 vols., 1965) Agus credits these Ashkenazi Jewish communities, which excelled in commercial ventures, with providing the prototype of town life and organization in Catholic Europe. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A.A. Neuman and S. Zeitlin (eds.), Seventy-Fifth Anniversary Volume of the Jewish Quarterly Review (1967), 69–79. (Simcha Berkowitz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MEIR BEN BARUCH OF ROTHENBURG — (c. 1215–1293), teacher, scholar, tosafist, and supreme arbiter in ritual, legal, and community matters in Germany. He was born in Worms into a family of scholars, many members of which were important leaders in the communities of Germany. In his …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AVIGDOR BEN ELIJAH HA-KOHEN — (c. 1200–1275), talmudic scholar in Italy and Austria. Avigdor was born in Italy and studied under Eleazar b. Samuel of Verona, Isaac of Verona, and later Simḥah b. Samuel of Speyer. For a number of years Avigdor lived in northern Italy in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • List of zoologists by author abbreviation — This is a list of zoologists by their surnames with abbreviated given names. A * Abe Tokiharu Abe (1911 ndash;1996) * Able Kenneth W. Able (b. 1945) * Abbott Charles Conrad Abbott (1843 ndash;1919) * Acerbi Giuseppe Acerbi (1773–1846) * Acero… …   Wikipedia

  • Zoólogos por abreviación de nombre — Anexo:Zoólogos por abreviación de nombre Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Esta es una lista de zoólogos que se encuentran referidos en la nomenclatura binomial, autores de especies o subespecies con nombres abreviados. Si no lo encuentra puede… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anexo:Zoólogos por abreviatura del nombre — A continuación se presenta un listado de zóologos y la abreviatura correspondiente de sus nombres. Índice: principio A B C …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.